January 30th, 2010

USA has enough idle farmland to produce 500 billion (!!!!!) gallons of sugar beet ethanol a year

from:

Potential for a Sugar Beet Ethanol Industry in Washington State: Report to the State Department of  Agriculture



Ethanol Production cost  $2.12
/ gallon    =   $64 / barrel of oil


We assume a sugar beet conversion rate of 24 Gallons of ethanol per ton of sugar beets (FAPRI 2006)

Annual yield for sugar beets is assumed to be 40 tons per acre

USA total farm land     = 800 million acres
cultivated farm land    = 280 million acres
Idle farm land               = 520 million acres


520 million acres * 40 tons per acre * 24 Gallons of ethanol per ton of sugar beets = 500 billion gallons

ETHANOL


USA may produce 500 000 000 000 gallons of SUGAR BEETS ethanol in 1 year only on the idling farm land


It is almost twice more then the current USA gasoline consumption


GASOLINE

USA uses  ~  20 million barrels of oil a day ; 

1 barrel of oil makes about 20 gallons of gasoline ;

In 1 year USA consumes: 

365days*20gallons*20 000 000 barrels =

146 000 000 000 gallons of gasoline in 1 year



ETHANOL = 66% of GASOLINE


ethanol has only 66% of gasoline energy potential so:

146 000 000 000 gallons of gasoline = 220 000 000 000 gallons of sugar beet ethanol



FARM LAND IN USA:


Spitak Earthquake - seismic weapon?

Begin reading here:  http://xyu.livejournal.com/788340.html?mode=reply
------------------

The Spitak Earthquake (also called Leninakan Earthquake and Gyumri Earthquake) was a tremor with a magnitude of 6.9,[2] that took place on December 7, 1988 at 11:41 local time (07:41 UTC) in the Spitak region of Armenia, then part of the Soviet Union. The earthquake killed at least 25,000 people;[1] geologists and earthquake engineering experts laid the blame on the poorly built support structures of apartments and other buildings built during the "stagnation" era of Leonid Brezhnev.[3]

Despite the tensions of the Cold War, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev formally asked the United States, within a few days of the earthquake, for humanitarian help, the first such request since World War II.[3] Western countries, including Great Britain, France, West Germany, Italy, Yugoslavia, Sweden, and Switzerland, sent a substantial amount of humanitarian aid to the Soviet Union in the form of rescue equipment, search teams and medical supplies.
 

Церква в Гюмрі після землетрусу.

Спітакський землетрус (вірм. Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ, груз. სპიტაკის მიწისძვრა, відомий також як Ленінаканський) — катастрофічний землетрус (магнітуда 7.2), що трапився 7 грудня 1988 о 12 годині 41 хвилин за місцевим часом (11:41 за московським) на північному заході Вірменської РСР. У результаті землетрусу було повністю зруйновано місто Спітак і 58 сіл. Частково зруйновано було міста Ленінакан, Степанаван, Кіровакан і ще більше 300 населених пунктів [1]. Загинули щонайменше 25 тисяч чоловік, 514 тисяч людей залишилися без даху над головою [1]. В цілому, землетрус охопив близько 40% території Вірменії [1]. Через ризик аварії було зупинено Вірменську АЕС.


Collapse )

 

METHANOL PRICE USD $1.10/Gal* Posted January 25, 2010

METHANOL PRICE
North America (Valid February 1 - 28, 2010) Methanex Non-Discounted Reference

Price USD 1.10/Gal*  Posted January 25, 2010 USD 366/MT
* Converted to USD/MT using a conversion rate of 332.6 Gal per MT

Flexible Fuel Vehicles- 1993-1995 Dodge Spirit & Plymouth Acclaim




In 1993 Chrysler introduced a engine for use in flexible fuel vehicles- A port fuel injected non-turbo 2.5 that ran on a combination of methanol and gasoline (called M85 because it was 85% methanol)
OR
due to the limited distribution and availability of M85 just plain regular gas so you didn't get stranded out in the middle of nowhere without a methanol pump in sight. There was a sensor at the gas tank that could detect where the gas/methanol ratio was at and adjust the spark & fuel curves accordingly. By running the engine on M85, smog-forming emissions were reduced 30-50% and toxic emission were reduced 50%. Most of the 1993 FFV cars seem to end up in government (4500 units) fleets but I understand in 1993-1995 anyone could buy one at the dealer. FFV 2.5 Spirits & Acclaims can be identified by the letter "V" as the eighth digit in the vin number.

M85 vehicles have a few problems... Number one among them is that M85 is highly corrosive! All the fuel system parts had to be rated for use with methanol and so was constructed with stainless steel! (The injectors are nickel plated internally) Also engine clearances were different and special engine oil was specified for use with M85 as well. Anything that could come in contact with methanol had to be tested and upgraded, even the valve guide seals are different! All methanol specific parts are tagged or painted green.

The real kick in the pants was that methanol has about half the energy of gasoline which means you get worse gas mileage!  Horsepower wise the difference was slight, just a few more hp and ft/lbs of torque.

The Flex Fuel Vehicle setup is a perfect example of parts bin engineering- Take a 2.5 TBI engine, install a Turbo I intake manifold, distributor & recalibrated SBEC II, use a air cleaner off the Mexican spec PFI non-turbo engine and mix well.

The only really "new" part (besides all the stuff that had to be changed because it comes in contact with methanol, see below) was the methanol blend sensor that resides at the rear of the car that tells the computer what the blend of gas/methanol is.

Notice the flexible stainless braided Teflon fuel lines and stainless fuel regulator and fuel rail.



FFV methanol specific parts-

1)  Purge solenoid
2)  Fuel pump
3)  Tank sending unit
4)  Fuel gauge
5)  Fuel tank (plastic)
6)  Stainless steel FP regulator and o-rings
7)  Stainless steel fuel rail
8)  Fuel injectors and o-rings
9)  Fuel lines
10) EVAP canister
11) Fuel filler cap
12) Fuel filler tube
13) Chrome faced piston rings
14) Hi-fluorine content valve guide seals
15) Turbo spec intake valves
http://www.thedodgegarage.com/na_efi_ffv.htmlMETHANOL PRICE

Ethanol keeps gasoline prices down

Ethanol production has depressed national wholesale gasoline prices in the US by 14 cents/gal

and

US refinery profit margins by $1.33/bbl over the period of January 1995 to March 2008, according
to work by economics researchers at Iowa State University.

Those figures correspond to an 8% reduction in the case of gasoline prices, and a 10.6% reduction for refinery margins.
http://www.platts.com/weblog/oilblog/2009/06/12/gasoline_prices.html