Solzhenitsyn’s One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, a description of life in a Soviet prison by an author who had himself been a prisoner under Stalin.
Some were allowed to leave the Soviet Union permanently. Within the Soviet Union the well-known writer Kochetov emerged as the leader of the “conservative” wing of the writers’ union, while the late poet Tvardovskiy, who sponsored Solzhenitsyn’s writings, led the “liberals.” The liberals were joined by the poets Yevtushenko and Voznesenskiy, also by prominent scientists and other dissidents. With the help of these apparently more liberal official attitudes, the image of the Soviet Union presented to the outside world was changed; the political fundamentals of the regime were not.
The “state of the whole people” was still a dictatorship ruled exclusively, and now more effectively, by the communist party through the party apparatus and other organs, including the KGB. The KGB was still one of the pillars of the strength and stability of the regime.
True anticommunist political opposition was suppressed as before, but on a selective basis. The real nature of the Soviet regime and the KGB and their intolerance of ideological opposition were demonstrated in October 1959 by the assassination in West Germany by the KGB of the
Ukrainian nationalist leader Stepan Bandera.
The regime was no less ruthless inside the Soviet Union when dealing with nationalist or other opposition movements. Despite Khrushchev’s disclaimers, political prisoners still existed, though their numbers were reduced. Political trials were normally still held in secret.
page 126 N E W L I E S F O R O L D, A Golitsyn.