By fostering belief in our policy of friendship and co-operation with America, we planned to receive the greatest possible economic and technological help from the West, and at the same time convince the Capitalist countries that they had no need of military alliances.
We also :
intended to exploit anti-Americanism in Europe in order to weaken
America's commitment to its defence. Inside the United States we
would encourage isolationism and stir up internal disorder, focusing the
attacks of the radical movement over there on the military and industrial
establishments as barriers to peace. Here we received an unexpected
bonus from the Vietnam war.
In the Third World, our aims were to destroy 'colonialism', weaken
the economies of the old colonial powers and win new allies in the
effort to discredit the 'Imperialist powers', led of course by the United
States. No one can deny our success in these objectives, helped by our
exploitation of the new balance of votes in the United Nations.
In the Middle East we were to encourage Arab nationalism, urge the
nationalization of oil, and work for the overthrow of Arab monarchies
and their replacement by 'progressive' governments. From about 1977,
according to our forecasts in the Plan, the new Middle East regimes
would respond to our strategy and, through their oil, give us the ability
to deliver a paralyzing blow to Capitalism.
In Phase Two, also, we considered it essential to increase the fire
power of the Pact by applying the latest scientific and technical advances
to the modernization of our armed forces, and thus offset any
arms limitation agreements we might find it advantageous to conclude.
We must also build up our troop strength on the Chinese border and try
to establish a pro-Soviet opposition movement inside China. We would
give support to anti-Chinese groups in the bordering countries, with the
ultimate objective of surrounding China with a cordon sanitaire of
The main strategic purpose of Phase Three, 'The Period of Dynamic
Social Change', was, in the words of the Soviet directive, 'to smash the
hope of false democracy' and bring about the total demoralization of the
Our relationship with the United States would be the vital
element in this phase. By fostering belief in our policy of friendship and
co-operation with America, we planned to receive the greatest possible
economic and technological help from the West, and at the same time
convince the Capitalist countries that they
had no need of military alliances.
The erosion of N.A.T.O. begun in
Phase Two would be completed by the withdrawal of the United States
from its commitment to the defence of Europe, and by European
hostility to military expenditure, generated by economic recession and
fanned by the efforts of the 'progressive' movements.
To this end we
envisaged that it might be necessary to dissolve the Warsaw Pact, in
which event we had already prepared a web of bilateral defence
arrangements, to be supervised by secret committees of Comecon.
The Soviet view was that during Phase Three Capitalism would
suffer an economic crisis that would bring Europe to its knees and
stimulate the influence of 'progressive' forces in European governments.
Our planners believed we could discount the possibility of a world war
in this phase because the U.S.A. would have withdrawn its commitment
to help its former allies. We could therefore foment local or regional
wars in Europe in support of progressive movements - if it should be
Once America had abandoned the defence of Europe, we
should apply ourselves to convincing the Europeans that the U.S. was
pursuing a self-interested policy and even conspiring actively against
them; thus we would increase America's isolation.
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